Relevant Legal Framework

United Nations

  1. Human Rights Council Complaint Procedure
  2. Commission and Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (complaints or communications)
  3. Universal Periodic Review
  4. Treaty Bodies
    • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
    • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
      • Optional Protocol to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
    • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (communications procedure)
      • Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (communications procedure)
      • Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty
    • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
      • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (communications procedure)
    • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (communications procedure)
      • Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
    • Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (communications procedure)
    • Convention on the Rights of the Child
      • Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict
      • Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
      • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure (communications procedure)
    • International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
    • International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
    • Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
      • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (communications procedure)
  1. Special Procedures
    • Working Group of experts on people of African descent
    • Working Group on arbitrary detention
    • Working Group on the issue of human rights and trans- national corporations and other business enterprises
    • Working Group on enforced or involuntary disappearances
    • Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination
    • Working group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice
    • Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights
    • Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities
    • Special Rapporteur on the right to education
    • Special Rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment
    • Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions
    • Special Rapporteur on the right to food
    • Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
    • Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
    • Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living
    • Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
    • Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders
    • Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers
    • Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples
    • Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons
    • Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants
    • Special Rapporteur on minority issues
    • Independent Expert on the enjoyment of all human rights by older persons
    • Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights
    • Special Rapporteur on the right to privacy
    • Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance
    • Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief
    • Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
    • Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and its consequences
    • Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism
    • Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
    • Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children
    • Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
    • Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights
    • Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
    • Independent expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
    • Special Rapporteur on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes
    • Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation
    • Special Rapporteur on the right to development

Council of Europe

  1. European Court of Human Rights
    • Execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights
  2. European Social Charter
  3. Safety of Journalists Platform
  4. Commissioner for Human Rights
  5. European Committee on Social Cohesion, Human Dignity and Equality
  6. GREVIO – Violence against Women and Domestic Violence
  7. Lanzarote Committee – Sexual exploitation and abuse of children
  8. GRETA – Trafficking in human beings
  9. FCNM – Minorities
  10. Venice Commission – Democracy through Law
  11. GRECO – States against Corruption
  12. Budapest Committee – Cybercrime
  13. Parliamentary Assembly – PACE
  14. Congress of Local and Regional Authorities